小森祥央氏（D2）らが超伝導体PbSr2CaxY1-xCu2O7+δの単結晶試料を世界で初めて育成することに成功し、置換効果、コヒーレンス長や異方性など超伝導の基礎物性について報告した論文がPhysical Review B誌より発表されました。
Epitaxial growth and superconducting anisotropy of PbSr2CaxY1-xCu2O7+δ thin films
S. Komori, R. Inaba, K. Kaneko, S. Fujita, I. Kakeya, and M. Suzuki
Thin films of single-crystal Pb1−yBiySr2Y1−xCaxCu2O7+δ (PbBi1212) were grown on SrTiO3 (100) substrates by a two-step growth technique in which an amorphous film is annealed at 970 ∘C in a closed ceramic container prepared using the same material as the film. We find that PbBi1212 exhibits superconductivity when the Ca concentration xexceeds 0.3. The effective number of holes per Cu atom neff is well described as neff=0.34x. The highest onset temperature for the superconducting transition attained in the present study is 65 K. The resistivity measurement in a magnetic field reveals that the coherence lengths of Pb1212 (y=0) are approximately 25 and 2.7 Å along the abplane and the c axis, respectively.